Queuebase is now in alpha! Sign up now to get early access.

Getting started with QStash and Next.js

November 5, 2023 4 minute read

QStash is a serverless messaging queue offered by the platform Upstash. According to the Upstash docs,

QStash is an HTTP based messaging and scheduling solution for the serverless and edge runtimes.

It offers a number of features, such as pubsub, delayed delivery, CRON scheduling, and more.

In this article, we’ll be taking a look at how you can start using QStash with Next.js to send and receive messages.


We’re going to be using Next.js 13+ for this project, using the app directory.

You will need to have installed ngrok. This is because QStash requires a public URL in order to work, meaning just using localhost won’t work.

Finally, you need to have an Upstash account in order to start using QStash. You can create one here. You’ll also need your signing keys and token, which you can get from your Upstash dashboard. While you’re in the dashboard, you’ll want to create a new topic as well. We’ll be publish to this topic in the tutorial. For simplicities sake, I’ll name mine qstash-test-topic and give it the URL that was created by ngrok.

Setting up Next.js

The first thing we need to do is add our signing keys and token to our .env file

# .env

Next, let’s go ahead and install the necessary package to work with QStash

npm i @upstash/qstash dotenv

With this in place, we’re now ready to start sending and receiving messages.

Creating our publisher

Let’s add a new route handler that will act as our message publisher. The job of this endpoint is to send messages to QStash

// app/api/publisher/route.ts
import { Client } from "@upstash/qstash";
import "dotenv/config";

const c = new Client({
  token: process.env.QSTASH_TOKEN!,

export async function POST(req: Request) {
  // Do your request validation/data parsing here

  // Publish our request to QStash
  const res = await c.publishJSON({
    topic: "qstash-test-topic",
    body: {
      message: "Hello there!"

  return Response.json({ success: true }, { status: 200 });

This is all we need to start publishing messages to QStash. To verify this is working, you can start your next app and hit this endpoint. You should then see the message appear in your QStash dashboard

Receiving messages

We’re now ready to start receiving messages. Add a new route handler and add the following code to it

// app/api/qstash/route.ts
import { NextRequest, NextResponse } from "next/server";
import { verifySignatureEdge } from "@upstash/qstash/dist/nextjs";

async function handler(req: NextRequest) {
  const data = await req.json();

  console.log("Data", data);

  return NextResponse.json({ success: true }, { status: 200 });

export const POST = verifySignatureEdge(handler);

export const runtime = "edge";

And that’s it! This endpoint is our subscriber, meaning whenever a message is published our topic in QStash, it will get passed along to this endpoint. You’ll also notice that this is an edge function. This will run, which gives us some benefits like reduced latency and network usage.

Wrap up

Today we looked at how to use QStash with Next.js. We created a publisher which published messages to QStash topics. Those messages we’re then passed along to our subscriber that’s listening on that topic.

QStash is great solution for working with messaging queues in serverless environments. I’m currently utilizing it for Queuebase, an app for managing background jobs and queues in Next.js. It’s been a powerful yet simple tool to work with!


#messaging queue


Brock's Bytes

Every Sunday, I share an exclusive email newsletter sharing my journey. If you're inesterest in code, technology, business, etc. this is the newsletter for you. Sign up now and join a growing community of readers!